Workspan Daily |

Sales Motivation Goes Beyond Compensation

Editor’s Note: Workspan Daily will be publishing a monthly sales compensation column from the Alexander Group for the benefit of our readers and to encourage further discourse on topics vital to compensation professionals. New to WorldatWork? Please feel free to join the discussion in our Online Community or send your thoughts to

Salespeople are often referred to as “coin-operated” and to some degree, it’s true.  However, upon closer examination, this common refrain hides some revealing observations.


The expression “coin-operated” suggests that salespeople respond only to pay incentives, offered by sales management to manipulate the actions of sales personnel. It also implies the sales force is somewhat immune to other forms of managerial oversight.

“Unless it’s in the pay plan, it won’t get done.”

Further, it suggests a negative view about sales personnel and their professional values. At best, it implies sales personnel are self-absorbed, not concerned with serving the best interests of the company, and will only perform if bribed to do so. This moves incentive compensation into an overrated marquee sales performance role — a dubious location.

Sales Compensation Works, Right?

Yes, it does work. However, the simple phrase “coin-operated” relegates salespeople —their ambitions, their character and their intellect — to subordinate participants in a pay reward program. This represents a painful and flawed view of salespeople.

A better starting point is to understand why sales compensation works. There are numerous motivation theories, which explain why people do what they do. When viewed collectively, these theories suggest that one or more of the following factors drive peoples’ actions.

  • Sure, economic reasons drive a lot of behavior. Defining the word “economic” broadly allows us to include not only money, but also health protection, employment security, wealth building, physical safety and purchasing power. Sales compensation payments are a natural fit for this factor, but not universally. For example, sales compensation payments do not fully address the need for employment security and health protection.
  • When people react to what others think about them, we are tapping into their social psyche. As a general rule, most people want to receive positive recognition and live harmoniously within their social environment. People gravitate toward actions that earn positive feedback and avoid performance that garners negative feedback. Measurement, even without rewards, is a compelling social lever. For some people, their tribal instincts make them eager to conform to the social norms — the performance expectations — of the sales team.
  • Self-Construct. Often cited as the “wild card” in human behavior, a person’s “self-construct” provides an inner voice that answers the question, “What is right for me?” Self-constructs can be enduring, maturing or ephemeral. An important component found in self-constructs is the pursuit of self-accomplishment.

Each of these factors meanders and crisscrosses each other, and then can double back. The point is: No matter how much we want to, it’s not easy to reduce humans to a motivation presumption; this includes salespeople.

Lessons for Sales Compensation

Now that we know sales motivation is much more than pay rewards, we can correctly calibrate the use of sales compensation. Here are some principles of sales compensation effectiveness that have served others well. 

  • Sales Culture Counts. What sales leadership says is important and thus becomes important to most salespeople. People’s social/tribal instincts tell them to earnestly serve sales leadership’s objectives.
  • Measurement Drives Performance. No need to clog the sales compensation program with every performance measure. People’s inner self-construct and their social accountability have them respond favorably to performance measurement —even without incentive compensation payouts.
  • Aggressive At-Risk Pay Is Not Necessary. Setting aside the economic model of income producers (such as stockbrokers, real estate agents and life insurance sellers), who earn a percent of everything they sell, sales representatives do not need a crushing at-risk pay to drive performance. The deepest pay mix should not exceed a split of 50/50 of total compensation divided between base salary and target incentive. The average pay mix of B2B sellers is about 65/35. Use a higher pay mix for high-persuasion jobs, less pay mix for lower-persuasion sales jobs.
  • Performance Measures Should be Few. To improve the connection between performance and rewards, keep the number of performance measures to three or less. Avoid using the incentive program for corporate measures, administrative compliance measures and activity measures. The message of the pay program gets lost when there are too many measures.
  • Job Content Defines Pay Plan Design. Craft sales compensation plans to match job content. The number of plans should be equal to the number of jobs.

Sales compensation is an effective tool to complement management practices; it’s not a substitute. And, for goodness sake, never presume sales personnel are coin-operated humanoids.

About the Author

David Cichelli Bio Image

David Cichelli is a revenue growth advisor for the Alexander Group. Connect with him on LinkedIn.

About WorldatWork

WorldatWork is a professional nonprofit association that sets the agenda and standard of excellence in the field of Total Rewards. Our membership, signature certifications, data, content, and conferences are designed to advance our members’ leadership, and to help them influence great outcomes for their own organizations.

About Membership

Membership provides access to practical resources, research, emerging trends, a professional network, and career-building education and certification. Learn more and join today.

Have Questions?


+1 877 951 9191

USA and Canada

+1 480 951 9191

Other Countries


Email Us