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The issue of sexual harassment in the workplace has been headline news for much of the last year and the #MeToo movement has gained national traction. However, it hasn’t translated into significant proactive change by employers, according to research by the American Phycological Association.
The Workplace Sexual Harassment: Are Employers Actually Responding? survey found that just 32% of working Americans said their employer has taken new steps to prevent and address sexual harassment in the workplace. According to employees, the most common action taken was simply reminding employees of existing sexual harassment training or resources (18%).
While the lack of meaningful change is not entirely surprising, it is disappointing, said David W. Ballard, PsyD, MBA, director of APA’s Center for Organizational Excellence.
“The #MeToo movement has given business leaders an opportunity to finally take real action addressing a complex problem that has been pervasive for generations,” Ballard said. “Our survey — as well as anecdotal reports — shows that too few employers are making comprehensive efforts that can have significant impact. Avoiding the issue is bad for employee well-being and business, but so, too, is a narrow, compliance-based approach. We know from psychological science that relying solely on mandated training designed primarily to limit the organization’s legal liability is unlikely to be effective.”
Only 10% of U.S. workers said their employer has added more training or resources related to sexual harassment since the recent increased media and public attention on this serious workplace problem. Just 8% said their employer implemented a more stringent policy related to sexual harassment, and only 7% reported that their employer hosted an all-staff meeting or town hall to discuss sexual harassment.
Research has shown training to recognize and report sexual harassment isn’t enough to change employee behavior or a workplace culture where harassment is more likely to occur. Instead, psychologists recommend a comprehensive approach that incorporates fair policies that are clearly communicated, ongoing training, leadership support of a civil and respectful culture, and the hiring and promotion of women into senior leadership roles.
The survey showed the difference when women have representation in upper management. Employees in organizations that have women in senior leadership roles said they were more likely to report sexual harassment at work if they experienced it (56%) or witnessed it (55%) and confront a coworker who is engaging in inappropriate sexual behavior at work (53%), compared with employees in organizations that don’t have women in senior leadership roles (39%, 41% and 34%, respectively).
The survey also found links between increased efforts to prevent and address workplace sexual harassment and better employee and organizational outcomes more broadly. When new steps had been taken, employees were more likely to say they were in good psychological health (90% vs. 79%) and that their employer provides the necessary resources to help employees meet their mental health needs (76% vs. 36%) and manage their stress (63% vs. 31%). They also reported higher job satisfaction (86% vs. 60%) and motivation to do their best at work (89% vs. 64%) and were more likely to say they’d recommend their organization as a good place to work (79% vs. 51%), than those who said their employer had not taken any new steps.
While most employers have been slow in taking new steps to address harassment, the ongoing headlines and resulting conversations may be encouraging individual employees to take action. About half of U.S. workers say they are now more likely to report workplace sexual harassment if they experience it (50%) or witness it (51%), and that they are more likely to confront a coworker who is engaging in inappropriate sexual behavior at work (47%).